Have You heard or read about Wannacry Ransomware in last few days over the internet? and I think you are also worried about Your Own Computer and data in it, so you are at a right place today.In this post, we will discuss Ransomware and how to Protect a Computer against Ransomware.So, first of all, Let us Talk about Ransomware.
The Word Ransomware is made of the word Ransom which means “a consideration paid or demanded for the release of someone or something from captivity”, And According to wikipedia “Ransomware is a type of malicious software designed to block access to a computer system or data until a ransom is paid. Simple ransomware may lock the system in a way which is not difficult for a knowledgeable person to reverse, and display a message requesting payment to unlock it.”
- CryptoLocker.F and TorrentLocker
So now let us start the main part of this post which is How to Protect Computer Against Ransomware or Ransomware Prevention Tips:-
- Apply The Emergency Patch
If You are using an older version of Windows OS like Windows XP, Vista, Server 2003 or 2008 than applying the emergency patch released by Microsoft.or
- Keep your System and Antivirus Up-to-date
Use Latest Softwares, drivers, and Antivirus.Antivirus is a very important thing because Virus definitions have already been updated to protect against this latest threat.so if you are using updated system and antivirus than the risk will be reduced.
- Update the Windows OS
Microsoft says – “WannaCrypt was designed to work only against unpatched Windows 7 or earlier os and Windows server 2008 systems, so Windows 10 PCs are not affected by this attack”.So if you are using any older version of Windows OS than immediately update it to Windows 10.
- Disable SMB
Disable SMB by following steps which are described by Microsoft here.Server Message Block (SMB) operates as an application-layer network protocol mainly used for providing shared access to files, printers, and serial ports and miscellaneous communications between nodes on a network. It also provides an authenticated inter-process communication mechanism.Or Install the Latest released
- Modify Firewall’s configuration
Enable Firewall because Firewall can protect your computer from many harmful things and it also the power to control connection, ports etc.And after enabling it Modify your firewall configurations to block access to SMB ports over the network or the Internet. The protocol operates on TCP ports 137, 139, and 445, and over UDP ports 137 and 138.
- Beware of Phishing
Phishing is very common and popular way of hacking and there is a simple way to prevent phishing is that Check the URL carefully. so if you feel anything suspicious and difference from original in the URL than don’t click on it or open it.
- Backup Regularly
Backup is the most important defense against ransomware. Removing Ransomware is not a proper solution because it is just a way of getting back the system, not the data that was on it.
- Think twice before downloading Attachments
If you receive e-mails with attachments from unknown Person/ mail then please avoid it or scan it with Antivirus, anti-malware etc before opening.because email is an easy and popular way of spreading Infection and attack.You also have to be careful on social media and attachments on them.
All tools have their special quality and you can read about them by going through their website.You’ll also have to find a decryptor that is specifically made for a certain type of ransomware.sohere is the list of Best Anti-Ransomware tools.
- BitDefender anti-ransomware
- Trend Micro lock screen ransomware tool
- Kaspersky anti-ransomware tool
- Malwarebytes anti-ransomware
- Avast anti-ransomware tools
In this Post, We have discussed Ransomware and tips to protect a computer against it. And now after completing this post, you can easily understand that upgrading Windows OS to Windows 10 and Regular Backup is the best defense against Wannacry Ransomware. Removing Ransomware is not a proper solution because it is just a way of getting back the system, not the data that was on it.If you have any other suggestions or tips you can share with us and with others by using the comment section.